Det offentlige rom
bygninger må ta hensyn til menneskelige proporsjoner
OMSORG Gi oss steder med intimitet
MATERIALER La bygninger vise lokal tilhørighetDEKORASJONER Folk føler at det ikke er nok å leve i en fabrikkgjort verden,
gi oss tilbake detaljene. KUNSTNERISK UTSMYKNING La arkitekter og kunstnere arbeide sammen
for bedre visuell kvalitet SKILT OG BELYSNING Våre byer og tettsteder burde ha harmonisk belysning SAMFUNN La folk som skal leve med hva du bygger delta i planleggingen
Nå får Charles støtte for sine ideer av den britiske regjeringen og av den britiske arkitektforeningen, RIBA. som han skjelte ut i den berømmelige talen for 20 år siden.
BRITISKE MYNDIGHETER OG ARKITEKTER
ØNSKER TRADISJONELL BYPLANLEGGING
Den britiske Labour-regjeringen har lyttet til signalene fra befolkningen: De nye byene som skal bygges i Storbritannia de kommende årene vil bli basert på New Urbanism. Med andre ord satser man på tradisjonelle byplanprinsipper med funksjonsblanding, kvartalsbebyggelse og fotgjengervennlige gater og plasser.
Den britiske arkitektforeningen RIBA har også gjort en snuoperasjon: RIBA anbefaler nå alle arkitektskoler å styrke undervisningen i tradisjonell byforming. RIBA oppfordrer også arkitektskolene til å starte kurs i tradisjonell arkitektur for å ivareta brukernes preferanser. Når følger våre norske arkitektskoler etter?
Både regjeringen og RIBA samarbeider i denne snuoperasjonen med stiftelsen til Prince Charles, som for 20 år siden opprørte britiske arkitekter med en kritisk tale på deres jubileumsfest. Det var nettopp den modernistiske ødeleggelsen av befolkningens livsmiljø som prinsen den gang fordømte i sterke ordelag.
Nettstedet til Prince`s Foundation, som arbeider med byutvikling og byggeskikk.
What are these design principles?
Many of these principles while relatively simple to express can be complex to realise. The following are developed from those set out by The Prince of Wales in A Vision of Britain. These principles help The Prince’s Foundation teach a common language with the aim of enabling different professionals to work together more closely and engage non-professionals in the design process.
Design that respects the complex character of a place and takes into consideration its history, geology, transportation links and its natural landscape.
Encourages: Individual character and a sense of belonging to a place
Discourages: Soulless, anonymous development
A recognition that the design of public areas including ‘street furniture’, signage, and lighting, is as important as the design of private spaces, and should be designed as part of an harmonious whole. Encourages: Harmonious and legible public areas
Discourages: Visual intrusion and clutter
Urban design in which blocks of buildings are fully permeated by an interconnected street network. Encourages: Ease of access and a greater spread of traffic movement
Discourages: Inefficient movement and an oppressive sense of impenetrability
A clear and legible ordering system which recognises a hierarchy between types of buildings or roads and their individual parts in relation to the whole.
Encourages: An understanding of the relative significance of parts of a building or town and easy navigation within each
Discourages: Confusion and over-reliance on signage
Design that creates streets and buildings that will cope with a variety of uses during their lifetime. Encourages: Design solutions based on examples that have adapted well to change
Discourages: Complex buildings that are very specific to current need
Design that creates a valuable asset in economic, social and environmental terms.
Encourages: Long term investment in buildings, towns and cities
Discourages: Buildings and places that are likely to drain the resources of future generations to no advantage
Towns and buildings which, whatever their size, relate to human proportions.
Encourages: A relationship between people and their built environment
Discourages: A feeling of being overwhelmed and alienated
Design that sounds its own ‘note’ and yet blends with the local and natural environment. Encourages: Buildings and towns whose various parts work together and respect the value of the whole
Discourages: A confused and oppressive built environment
Design which establishes clear distinction between town and country, public and private space, thus encouraging appropriate activities within each.
Encourages: Safe environments and the full and appropriate use of available space
Discourages: Wasteland and degraded no-go areas
Design that uses materials that are, wherever possible, indigenous, have a natural harmony with the landscape, and which are selected with care to ensure they improve with age and weathering. Encourages: Buildings that have a natural resonance with their environment and that can be easily repaired
Discourages: Long distance transport of materials, buildings with short life spans
Design whose decoration not only enhances the quality and beauty of a building but helps engender emotional value and personal and cultural relevance.
Encourages: Visual identity and interest, as well as fine craftsmanship
Discourages: Functional anonymity
The care and attention with which a building is made rewards both the maker and the user and makes them likely to last and be valued by future generations.
Encourages: Longevity, the inspiration of generations of potential practitioners of building crafts as an art form
Discourages: Quick-fix solutions and low-grade buildings that rely on assembly only
The carefully facilitated, early involvement of the local community in order to create places which have a civilizing influence, which meet people’s needs, desires and aspirations, and engender civic pride.
Encourages: A proactive, holistic approach to planning
Discourages: A reactive, piecemeal approach to planning and a compromised result
"We must concentrate on creating environments in which people can prosper psychologically, as human beings, not merely as cogs in a mechanical process. We need design and layout which positively encourage neighbourliness, intimacy and, where there is possible, a sense of shared belonging to a recognisable community"